From now on, there will be 28 states and 9 union territories in India.
The Modi government has changed the history of Kashmir according to its sayings. Sections 370 and 35A have been abolished after heavy debate in Parliament.
Both sections, implemented after independence, were eventually completely eliminated. Meanwhile, additional paramilitary forces were sent to Kashmir and a high alert was issued in all states.
During the decision in RajyaSabha, two MPs of Mehbooba Mufti’s party PDP tore their clothes while protesting, which led to the expulsion of both MPs by Speaker Venkaiah Naidu.
In this way, the status of a special state of Jammu and Kashmir has ended. There are now 28 states left in the country, whereas union territories have increased.
After declaring Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh as separate Union Territories, now there are 9 Union Territories. In both elections, governments will also be formed but they will work under the Lieutenant Governor.
What were Article 370 and 35A?
Some of the main points of Sections 370 and 35A are as follows:
- Under this, Jammu-Kashmir was granted a special status.
- Section 370 and 35-A were the articles of constitution, under which special rights have been given to the permanent residents of Kashmir, which are related to jobs, property purchase-heritage, scholarship, government help and welfare schemes.
- The resident of another state can not be accommodated in Jammu and Kashmir as a permanent resident.
- Residents of other states could neither buy land in Kashmir nor could the state government have given them a job.
How was the decision executed?
The Modi government carried out this decision with great wisdom and cunning. First Mansarovar travelers and tourists from Jammu and Kashmir were advised to return home, after which the paramilitary forces were sent to Jammu and Kashmir.
Take-over was carried out by the paramilitary forces at the police stations of Jammu and Kashmir. Section 144 was imposed.
Left parties, separatists and leaders of PDP and National Conference etc. were put under house arrest.
The internet has been closed. In this way, arrangements were made before any violent incident could happen and the chaos could not spread in the valley.
After this, after a huge debate in Parliament, a new Gazette is passed, under which the status of special state which was given to Jammu and Kashmir was abolished and declared as a Union Territory.
Jammu-Kashmir and Ladakh were declared as two different union territories.
What will be the changes in Kashmir now?
- Jammu and Kashmir is now under the central government like the other Union Territories.
- All development work will be done by the central government.
- The citizens of other states will be able to settle permanently in Kashmir and buy land.
- Civilians from other states will be able to get government jobs in Jammu and Kashmir.
What will be the benefits of this change?
- Terrorist activities will be restrained.
- New possibilities in tourism will develop.
- Jammu-Kashmir will become a major partner in the country’s economy.
- Jammu-Kashmir will see rapid investments in real estate, tourism, dryfruits and infrastructure.
- New employment opportunities will be available.
Opposition from Pakistan
This decision is being strongly opposed by Pakistan. It is being described as dangerous for the freedom of Kashmiris.
The sharp reaction of Pakistani media and many big personalities is being shared on social media.