The Himalayas – The Most Wonderful, Amazing and Diverse Part on Earth
The Himalayas, it is said that the Gods reside here. Here, the attitude of seeing the world changes. It is so vast that it is impossible to imagine its ends. It is also called the roof of the earth.
The highest snow-covered peaks in the world are part of the Himalayas. The height of the world’s highest peak Mount Everest is 8,848 meters.
The structure of the Himalayas is such that it is not elevated at just one point, but it is spread all over and above at different points. So far the absurd idea of its origin can be applied.
It is so vast that its borders have spread across many countries of Asia. The wonderful views of nature are seen here. It is full of variations.
The Himalayas – The Travellers Paradise
It is a different world in itself, bearing species of innumerable tree and animal life.
Scientists still do not know about this completely, because the scientists have always failed to solve the miracles that occur here, whether it is Kailash Mountain or 200 km long Pangong Lake.
Humans are often here to experience God beyond the misery of worldly life. And who comes here feels calm, stable and better in his mind.
Apart from the seas, the world’s largest glacier is located right here. Numerous herbs can cure many diseases.
The Himalayas are not an untouched part of this earth, but it is the most wonderful, amazing and diverse part of the Earth.
Geography and Area – How did the Himalayas originate
It is said that the formation of the Himalayas occurred over the millenniums before the Indian plate separated from the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate.
It took billions of years in this incident. It is a series of about 2400 km (1500 miles) long.
The Himalayas mountain range starts from the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges in the north-west to the Plateau of Tibet and the Kunlun Plateau and ends at the Ganga Plains in the South.
Simply we can say that The Himalayas starts from Pakistan and ends at the eastern part of India. Karakoram and Hindukush are also called the Greater Himalayas.
How do the Himalayas affect the life of a human?
About 53 million people live in the Himalayas. The Himalayas is spread in five countries: India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan.
The Himalayas are the source of some of the largest rivers in the world, such as the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra.
Life of nearly 600 million people depends on these rivers.
The Himalayas have an important role in the rain in the Indian plain as well as to control the rain in a limit on the Tibetan Plateau in the rainy season.
A major part of the Himalayas falls under the borders of India which is called lesser Himalays. The Himalaya is covered with snow in the height while the other Himalaya is surrounded by pine and cedar forests besides dense forests.
After Antarctica and Arctic, most glaciers are found here on earth, which is always covered with snow and always produce flowing streams, in which Gangotri and Yamunotri are the chiefs.
The Himalaya exists from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir to China, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan and further to the east part of India.
Top three peaks are located in Nepal, Pakistan occupied Kashmir and in the eastern part of India. First Mount Everest (8848 meters), second K2 (8611 meters), and third Kanchenjunga (8586 meters) respectively. Pakistan occupied Kashmir is also called Gilgit Baltistan.
There are not three parallel ranges of the Himalayas. Himadri is the Karakoram range which is situated in Pakistan. Shivalik isn’t a different range. This is a part of the Indian Himalayas.
The largest share of the Himalaya occupied by Nepal. The Highest range of the Himalayas situated in Nepal which is Everest range and near peaks.
There are more than 100 peaks in the Himalayan range whose height is more than 6000 meters.
Almost all the peaks are covered with snow for 12 months. Due to lack of oxygen at a higher altitude, mountaineers resort to oxygen mask while trekking.
The Plateau of Tibet and the plateau of Pamirs are called the world’s roof. The highest road in the world has been built in the Ladakh region of India, which is located at an altitude of 19500 feet above the Indus basin.
Kindly check Wikipedia link given below to know more about height-wise peaks:
Region and Religions in the Himalays
As we have seen that The Himalaya exists from Pakistan-occupied Kashmir to China, Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan and further to Kanchenjunga in India.
Since all countries follow different religions and beliefs, the Himalayas are tested by all countries at different perspectives.
In India, the Himalayas are commonly called “The Land of Gods”. It is also called the house of sages and monks.
Since Nepal and Bhutan are also the countries of Hindu religion, the Himalayas are worshipped here.
Buddhism also has considerable influence in the Himalayas. Buddhist monasteries have been constructed in India, Nepal, China and Bhutan.
In these monasteries, monks abandoned the worldly life and worshipped Lord Buddha. Kailash Mountain, the only peak in Tibetan plateau, is considered to be very sacred in both Hindu and Buddhist religions.
Apart from the mountains, rivers and lakes originating from here are also worshipped.
In Pakistan and Kashmir, mosques of Muslim religion and religious groups have been built. Thus the Himalayas are considered sacred by different religions.
The Himalayan Tourism in India – Travellers and Trekkers Paradise.
There are great mountain ranges in India. The Himalaya builds here borders and protects from other countries. Kanchenjunga, Nanda Devi, Chaukhamba, Nandakot, panchchuli, Trishul, Milam and Lilam are the mountain ranges in India also called himalaya parvat shrankhla (हिमालय पर्वत श्रंखला).
Apart from Kashmir, Himachal and Uttarakhand in India, Himalaya mountain ranges are located in Arunachal, Sikkim and Assam also.
Therefore, all these states are famous for Himalaya tourism, different tracking points have been marked here. For the climbers, these kingdoms are considered to be heaven.
From the beginning of the summer to the beginning of the rain, life is easy in these states and tourism is at its highest level, after which tourism is disrupted due to landslides in the rain.
From the ending of rain and till the start of winter, tourism is once again at its highest level.
In Himachal, Chamba, Narkanda, Kullu, Manali Shimla etc. are famous for tourism.
Apart from Srinagar in Kashmir, Pangong Lake, Kelong, Leh and Ladakh are famous for tourism.
Uttarakhand is divided into two parts: Garhwal and Kumaon. The beauty of the Himalayas can be enjoyed at places like Char Dham, Mussoorie, Tehri, Chopta and Auli in Garhwal, whereas in Kumaon, Nainital, Ranikhet, Almora, Munasari, Narayan Ashram, Dharchula etc. are prominent.
Himalayas beauty can be enjoyed in Guwahati (Assam), Darjeeling and Kalimpong in (Sikkim) and in Arunachal.